It is the offspring of two animals of the same breed, also known as a 'purebred'.
If you are buying a pedigree animal make sure you get the formal paperwork and certificate that proves its heritage.
Most insurers will ask for these documents when you make a claim.
Yes it can be, because pedigree pets cost more than mixed breeds and are more prone to illness.
This means you will be more likely to make an expensive claim on your pet insurance, so insurers charge more to cover the risk.
When looking for insurance for your pedigree pet make sure the policy is comprehensive and can cover treatment for any hereditary conditions they develop.
Pedigree dogs and cats are more likely to suffer from specific illnesses than mixed breeds, so find out what conditions your pet could develop and make sure you get an insurance policy that will cover them.
Here are some of the conditions the most popular pedigree pets often suffer from:
Boxer dogs: They can suffer from brachycephalic airway syndrome or breathing difficulties because of their short faces. Cancer and heart conditions, like cardiomyopathy and aortic stenosis, are also common.
Dalmatians: Deafness is common and as many as a third suffer from hearing problems. Many Dalmatians are prone to bladder stones, and they are also more susceptible to heart disease than many other breeds.
Labradors: Labrador retrievers are susceptible to joint problems like dysplasia, which can make walking and running very painful. They can also suffer from atopic dermatitis, a skin condition that causes rubbing and scratching.
Cocker spaniels: Inflammation of the outer ear and ear canal (otitis externa) can be common. They also often get eye problems including PRA (progressive retinal atrophy), glaucoma and cataracts.
Persian cats: Their short faces mean they can suffer from breathing problems like brachycephalic airway syndrome. Many Persian cats also develop kidney disease, ringworm and heart disease.
Ragdolls: Gastrointestinal problems are quite common in Ragdolls, and they can also develop bladder stones. Their docile temperament can also make them more susceptible to injuries and accidents.
Bengal cats: They can be susceptible to the genetic condition Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PK Def). This is present from birth, and can cause muscle wasting, so many cats with PK Def will not live past four years old.
Maine Coons: One of the largest domestic cat breeds, Maine Coons often develop joint problems like hip dysplasia and knee luxation. They can also suffer from genetic conditions including spinal muscular atrophy and PK Def.
Pedigree pets often need repetitive vet treatment, so you must think carefully when choosing which level of pet insurance you buy. There are four main types you can choose from:
Accident only policies
Time limited polices that cover a condition for a maximum of 12 months
Maximum benefit policies that cover a condition up to a set limit
Lifetime policies that offer a cover limit that renews every year of your pet's life
Lifetime cover is the most expensive choice, but offers the most comprehensive financial protection against hereditary conditions for pedigree pets.
Here is more information on what the different levels of cover offer, and which one you should choose for your pet.
You should insure your pedigree pet from a young age, because they are less likely to have any pre-existing conditions which become excluded from cover.
Most insurers will not cover pets that already have a medical condition, or will not pay out for claims relating to that problem. Here is how to find cover for pets with medical conditions.
Many policies have age restrictions, and will only insure pedigree puppies and kittens once they are six to eight weeks old, and may refuse to cover pets when they are older than eight years old.
Make sure the policy offers all of the protection you need for your pedigree pet instead of only looking at the vet cover.
Some of the additional features you might need include:
Lost and found insurance
Third party liability insurance*
Foreign travel cover
Look out for how much cover you have for the theft of your pet, because pedigree animals can be targeted by thieves.
Most insurers will cover the purchase price of your pet, but there may be an upper claim limit so make sure this is enough to cover the amount you paid.
Here is exactly what is covered by a pet insurance policy.
This depends on whether or not you will receive money if your pet wins a prize. Most insurers will not cover your pet if you use them for monetary gain. This includes cash prizes or things like a year's supply of dog food.
Many insurers will let you enter your pet into shows as a hobby a few times a year, however only if you are competing for non monetary prizes like rosettes.
To find the right policy for your pedigree pet you need to:
Consider what illnesses your pet could develop
Look for a policy that will give you the best cover for those illnesses
Check the whole policy to make sure it covers what you need it to
Compare pet insurance policies that meet your needs
Find the policy offering the cover you need at the best price
Check the policy documents carefully before you buy so that you know what is covered, and what exclusions could prevent your insurer paying out.