What is pension freedom?

It means you can withdraw up to 25% of your defined contribution pension tax free when you reach 55*.

* The age increases to 57 from 2028.

You cannot use pension freedom with a defined benefit pension and not all companies offer for their defined contribution pensions, so check before you withdraw.

What are your options?

When you reach your pension freedom age, you can:

  • Withdraw a 25% tax free lump sum and take an income from the rest

  • Make several withdrawals; the first 25% will be tax free, and get the rest as an income

  • Withdraw it all; the first 25% is tax free, the remaining 75% is taxed

If you make a large withdrawal from your pension, you could force yourself into a higher income tax band depending on the amount you withdraw

What tax will you pay?

If you are a basic rate taxpayer (20%) and your withdrawal pushes you into the higher rate or additional rate tax band, then you will have 40% or 45% tax deducted instead.

To avoid this, take smaller withdrawals that keep you in your existing tax band.

What are the drawbacks?

  • Annual allowance reduction: Your annual allowance drops from 40,000 a year to 10,000 once you make your first withdrawal.

    Think about this if you want to keep contributing to your pension after making a withdrawal.

  • You could run out of money: If you withdraw and spend your entire pension fund, you have to rely on the state for an income for the rest of your retirement.

    Think about how important your pension income is to you and whether you need a lump sum withdrawal.

Remember, you can withdraw 25% of your pension tax free and use the rest as an income.

Annuity changes

The tax freedom plan for annuities, which was due to start in April 2017, has been scrapped.

This means you will continue to face tax charges between 55% and 70% if you withdraw from your annuity.