What are your rights?
If you experience long delays flying within the EU, the Denied Boarding Regulation means that you have the right to assistance and possibly compensation.
The rules apply to delays on flights from airports within the EU, no matter which airline you fly with, or your final destination.
They also apply to all other flights on European airlines that land at an EU airport, for example a flight from New York to Heathrow with British Airways.
While delays caused by extraordinary circumstances may not be covered by your airline, they might be covered by your travel insurance so check your policy documents.
This is typically an event which is out of your airline's control, like extreme weather, political unrest, or strikes.
The rules do not define extraordinary circumstances, so it is down to your airline to explain why your delay was out of their control if they reject your claim.
If you are not satisfied with your airline's explanation, you can escalate your claim with the regulator.
The same rules do not apply if you were on a flight outside of the EU.
You should check the terms and conditions of your flight with the airline, as you may still be able to make a complaint.
What if your flight is delayed?
If you are delayed by more than two hours, you have the right to:
Food and drink
Access to phone calls and emails
Accommodation if you are delayed overnight, including transport from the airport
Delays are measured from the time you were expected to land.
Your arrival time is when the airplane doors are opened, not when you land on the runway.
You can claim vouchers for these things from the airport but if you have to pay for them yourself, keep the receipts and claim back the costs from the airline at a later date.
You can check your rights while you travel by downloading the European Commission's app Your Passenger Rights.
What if your flight is cancelled?
If your flight is cancelled less than 14 days before you are due to fly, you may be entitled to compensation.
You are entitled to assistance, including the choice between:
A full refund of the cost of your ticket
An alternative flight to your final destination at the earliest opportunity
An alternative flight at a later date of your choosing, subject to availability
If you choose an alternative flight to your final destination at the earliest opportunity, you are also entitled to:
Food and drink during your wait
Hotel accommodation where a stay of one or more nights is necessary
Two phone calls or emails
What about compensation?
If your flight lands more than three hours after the arrival time on your ticket, you could be entitled to compensation of up to €600.
Airlines must offer assistance until they can get you to your destination, but your right to compensation only applies if the cause of the delay is within the airline's control.
Your right to compensation will be calculated based on the length of time your flight is delayed, and the distance you were due to travel:
|3 hours +||Less than 1,500 km||€250|
|3 hours +||More than 1,500 km*||€400|
|3 hours +||1,500 - 3,500 km||€400|
|3-4 hours||More than 3,500 km||€300|
|4 hours +||More than 3,500 km||€600|
You can check the distance of your flight on the WebFlyer website.
The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) website also has more information about what compensation you could claim if your flight is delayed or cancelled.
EU Regulation states this should be based on individual laws in respective EU countries.
The time limit in the UK is six years, so you should not expect delayed flight claims that are older than this to be honoured.
How can you claim compensation?
If you think you are entitled to compensation for delayed or cancelled flights, you can claim by contacting the airline.
You can make a separate claim for each member of your party who experienced a delay of more than three hours.
Avoid claims management companies, as they take a cut of your claim if it is successful.
Submitting a request for compensation to your airline is easy and regulatory and ombudsman services can also help if your claims is initially rejected.
Contact the airline
Your first step should be to contact the airline, who may give you a claims form if you contact them by phone or visit their website:
|Airline||Claim process||Customer service number|
|BMI Regional||Via contact centre||0330 333 7998|
|British Airways||Complete online form||0344 493 0787|
|EasyJet||Complete online form||0330 365 5000|
|FlyBe||Complete online form||0371 700 2000|
|Jet2||Via contact centre||0333 300 0042|
|Monarch||Postal form||0333 003 0700|
|RyanAir||Complete online form||0330 100 7838|
|Thomas Cook||Complete online form||0173 322 4330|
|Thomson||Complete online form||0203 451 2688|
|Virgin||Complete online form||0344 209 7777|
Make your official complaint in writing, so you can keep a record of any correspondence between you and the airline.
To speed up your claim, give the airline as much detail as possible, including:
Your contact details
Full details of all passengers travelling with you
Your booking reference
Dates and times of your travel
Your flight number, departure and destination airports
Details of how and where the delay happened
Length of the delay
Names of staff you spoke with
Copies of receipts for any necessary purchases*
A copy of your boarding pass, ticket, or booking confirmation
What if your claim is rejected?
If your airline rejects your claim or you do not get a response within eight weeks, you can escalate your complaint with the UK regulator the CAA.
You can do this by going to the CAA website and completing their online claim form.
Dispute resolution services
If the CAA is unable to help with your claim, you may be able to contact one of two ombudsman services:
Both have the power to order your airline to pay you compensation if you have a valid claim, but you may have to pay a fee of up to £25 if your claim is unsuccessful.
Check if your airline is a member of an ombudsman like the ADR or CEDR, because they can only order airlines who are subscribed to pay compensation for delayed flights.