What can you claim for?
This will depend on your level of cover - a fully comprehensive policy will allow you to claim for damage to:
the third party's vehicle
If you have third party fire and theft, or just third party cover then you will not be able to claim for your car's damage.
For a closer look at exactly what you can claim for under each type of policy, read our guide that compares fully comprehensive and third party fire and theft cover.
How to claim after an accident
At the scene
Contact the police immediately if the accident is serious, or if someone is injured
Do not accept blame for the incident, as this could be used against you later on; even apologising can be enough to establish blame
Exchange details with other drivers or witnesses; get their car registration number, name, contact number, address, and insurance policy number (if they have it)
Take photographs of the scene and damage to any vehicles involved
Make a note of the location including street names, house numbers or names of shops
After the accident
Find your insurance documents and make sure you have all your information at hand
Call your insurance company on their claims number
Explain what happened accurately; if you are not honest the claim could be rejected
Give the details of the other driver, if one was involved
Should you claim on your insurance?
Whose insurance policy pays out for an accident depends on who is at fault. This is why it is important not to accept blame at the scene and to take photographs for evidence.
If the other party accepts responsibility they should claim through their insurer who will cover the cost of your repairs.
They will contact you and advise how to proceed; they may recommend an approved garage or offer a refund if you choose to have the work done elsewhere.
Do you need to tell your insurer if you are not claiming?
Yes. Regardless of who is to blame you must always inform your insurer.
Even if the accident is minor and you choose not to claim at all, you still have to let your insurance company know.
Telling them will not affect your no claims bonus, and your insurer can then deal with the other insurer (if applicable) on your behalf.
Disputing a claim by another party
If you believe an accident was not your fault but the other party thinks otherwise, it is the responsibility of the insurance companies to settle the dispute.
If you drive into the back of another car you will almost certainly be found at fault, regardless of the details.
Make sure you submit evidence to back up your claim including witness statements and photographs.
If you dispute the insurer's decision, you may need to take the matter to court. You should only do this if you are confident you are not to blame for the incident.
Hit by an uninsured driver?
The first thing you must do is report the incident to the police.
If you have a comprehensive policy you should claim through your insurer as they will be able to compensate you for any damage to your car, but you will need to pay the excess.
You cannot claim through the MIB if the accident took place on private land, for example a supermarket car park.
Check your policy to see if you have uninsured driver cover; this protects your no claims and means you will not pay an excess if you are hit by an uninsured driver.
If you do not have a comprehensive policy, you can go to the Motor Insurance Bureau (MIB) for compensation. It will carry out its own investigation to establish the facts and work out what compensation is due.
You can find out how to make a claim on the MIB website.
Will your claim cost you?
Despite not having to fork out for all damages, making a claim will still come at a cost:
Excess: You will need to pay the excess amount in your policy. If you added a voluntary excess you will need to add this to the compulsory excess specified by your insurer. Here is more on how car insurance excess works.
Increased premiums: Any claim will likely mean an increase in premiums when you renew, and also you will lose any no claims bonus which will push up your quotes.
Should you claim or pay yourself?
This depends on the overall cost of the claim:
Example 1: You are involved in a crash with another driver that was your fault:
Total damage of both cars costs £1,800 to repair
Your excess is £250
Your no claims save you £300 a year on your policy
In this scenario you will contribute £250 and the insurer will pay the remaining £1,550.
As you have made a claim, you will lose your no claims bonus which means a £300 hike in your premium when you renew. This is a total cost to you of £550, compared to a total cost of £1,800 if you pay yourself.
Verdict - make a claim, although your premiums will be higher for a few years until you build up your no claims again.
Example 2: You have a crash with no third party involved:
Damage to your car is £400
Your excess is £250
Your no claims save you £200 a year on your policy
This time the cost of the accident is only £400, while the overall cost of claiming would be £450.
Verdict - Pay out yourself if you can afford to.
What if you cannot afford the excess?
You could consider using a 0% purchase credit card. This way you can pay it back over time without incurring interest if you clear the balance in the interest free period.
Make sure you can afford the excess when you take out your policy, especially if you plan to increase the voluntary amount.
You could take out excess insurance, which will cover the cost in the event of a claim. This will come at cost, so if you have increased your excess to reduce your premium, this may wipe out any potential saving.
Think about putting some money aside to cover the cost in an emergency. Consider an easy access savings account so you can withdrawal the money whenever you need it without penalty.
This depends on the nature of the claim. If it is clear who is at fault the claim can be handled quickly, however if it is unclear your insurer may need to investigate, delaying your pay-out.
The FCA (Financial Conduct Authority) have ruled that your insurer must settle your claim within three months, once liability has been confirmed.
If you are unhappy with the length of time it is taking your insurer to settle your claim, you should complain to their complaints department.
Who repairs your car?
Your insurer will have a list of approved repairers they will recommend. They may let you use another garage however it could mean:
An additional excess will apply
A courtesy car is not be provided, even if it is on your policy
No guarantee on works carried out
Check with your insurer and read your policy carefully to find out where you stand.
If your policy includes a courtesy car your insurer will arrange to provide this when you claim.
You will receive a car if your car is unavailable due to repairs, has been written off or stolen. How long you can use the courtesy car will depend on your policy, but it is usually between 14 and 21 days, or the length of the repairs (whichever is shorter).
The money will usually be paid directly to the approved garage carrying out the repairs.
Your insurer may agree to reimburse you if you choose to have the repairs carried out elsewhere, but this could delay the process if they do not agree with the cost of the work.
Some insurers may agree to settle your claim by sending you a cheque or bank transfer for the agreed amount.
What if your car is written off?
The insurer will write off your car if it is deemed a 'total loss', i.e. the cost of the repairs are uneconomical, or the vehicle has been stolen and never found.
If your insurer writes off your vehicle following an accident they will offer a pay-out for the current market value of your vehicle less the excess.
For example, if your car is worth £6,000 and your excess is £250, you will get a £5,750 pay-out.
When your insurer writes off your car you will need to:
give the car to your insurance company to be disposed of
send the completed section 9 ('Notification of sale or transfer') of your V5C to the DVLA
give the rest of the V5C to your insurer
The DVLA should then issue you with a refund for any full remaining months on your vehicle tax. For more on what to do if your car is written off, visit GOV.UK.
What if your car is stolen?
If your car is stolen you must report it to the police first:
Dial 101 to speak to your local police
Report the theft giving the car registration, make, model and colour
Ask for a crime reference number
Once the police have been informed contact your insurer and give them the crime reference number. Find out more on reporting your car stolen at GOV.UK.
Your insurer will then conduct an investigation, which may include an interview to confirm the details of the theft. If they are satisfied they will pay-out the current market value of the car.
If the car is recovered at a later date it will belong to the insurance company. If you are willing to return the pay-out money you can usually buy it back from them.
Contesting a rejected claim
If you think your claim has been rejected unfairly, you should:
Your claim could be rejected if:
you gave incorrect information
lack of due care
Check your policy and note where it confirms your cover
Check your policy for a full list of exclusions
Double check all the information you submitted was correct when you claimed
Contact your insurer's complaints department either by phone or formal letter
If you are still unhappy, here is more on the best ways to complain to your insurer.