Child Benefit Changes: What They Mean for your Finances

by from money.co.uk, Last Updated: 24 October 2014

In The Budget 2012 George Osborne announced changes to the child benefit cuts scheduled for 2013. We explain what these changes mean for your finances and whether there’s anything you can do to keep your child benefit.

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If you had just got your head around the original plans to cut to child benefit, George Osborne’s latest amendments, unveiled in the 2012 Budget, may have left you wondering exactly where you stand.

It’s estimated that these changes will see around 750,000 families keep some or all of their child benefit payments – we examine the plans in detail so you know what to expect when the changes come in.

What’s changed?

Previously George Osborne announced plans to withdraw child benefit in full from all higher rate tax payers.

However, these changes were widely criticised as being unfair on single income families and introducing a benefit ‘cliff edge’ for those earning just over the higher tax rate threshold.

This is no longer the case, now, only those who earn over £60,000 a year will lose their child benefit entirely, while people who earn over £50,000 a year will see it gradually withdrawn depending on how much they earn.

How much will you lose?

If both you and your partner earn under £50,000 a year you will keep all of your child benefit payments.

If either you or your partner earn over £60,000 you will lose child benefit in full.

However, if you or your partner earn between £50,000 and £60,000 you will lose 1% of your child benefit payments for every £100 you earn above the £50,000 threshold – so for example if you earn £55,000 you will lose 50% of your child benefit.

The taxman will take earnings from your main job, any other jobs you have, rental income and anything you earn from savings and investments into account when they're calculating how much you should lose. 

When do the cuts take effect?

The planned changes to child benefit will be implemented on 7th January, 2013.

The government has announced it will write to all higher rate tax payers set to be affected by the change in the autumn of 2012, with details of how much they'll lose.

Will my Child Benefit payments stop?

No, this is the confusing part; even if you earn over the £60,000 payment threshold your child benefit will continue to be paid as normal after January 2013.

Instead, if you’re a higher earner the government will take the equivalent value back through an additional Income Tax charge. You'll need to register for Self Assessment on the HMRC website by 5th October 2013 for them to arrange this - failure to do so could mean you have to pay an extra penalty charge.

If you earn over £50,000 this additional Income Tax charge will be equal to 1% of your child benefit for every £100 you earn above £50,000.

If you earn over £60,000 this additional Income Tax charge will be equal to your entire child benefit entitlement.

If both you and your partner earn over £50,000, the additional Income Tax charge will be applied to whoever earns the most, regardless of who the child benefit is paid to.

What if I’m separated from my partner?

If your ex-partner earns over £50,000 but you receive child benefit for your children you will be permitted to keep the payments in full (providing you earn under the £50,000 threshold).

Equally if you earn over £50,000 but have separated from a partner who claims child benefit for your children you will not have to pay the additional Income Tax charge.

If you and your partner separate after the change takes effect you will no longer be liable to pay the additional Income Tax charge. This will take effect from your date of separation, rather than the end of the tax year – so you will need to inform HMRC accordingly.

Can I decide to stop my child benefit payments?

If you want to avoid the additional Income Tax charge, or don’t want your partner to have to pay the tax because you receive child benefit, you can opt to stop your child benefit payments by notifying HMRC.

If you do this you should still complete a child benefit application if you have any more children, even if you don’t want to claim child benefit for them.

This is because your child benefit entitlement affects whether you qualify for National Insurance credits and could affect whether you will be able to claim a full state pension.

For more information about National Insurance credits visit the HMRC website.

Is there any way to avoid the Income Tax charge & keep child benefit payments?

The only way to reduce the amount your additional Income Tax charge you need to pay while keeping your child benefit is to reduce your taxable income.

This can be done by making additional payments into any personal pension, or by purchasing childcare vouchers; both of which qualify for tax relief.

However, while the original child benefit cuts would have seen higher rate tax payers just over the threshold lose thousands of pounds worth of income, the gradual charge applied through the additional Income Tax charge makes this a much softer and gradual process.

Consequently the benefit of paying extra into a pension or purchasing childcare vouchers are less pronounced than before (though potentially still worth doing).

For those that earn between £50,000 and £60,000, paying an additional £100 into your pension each month will only equate to a 1% reduction of your child benefit via the Income Tax charge.

If you don’t already pay into a pension, then this could be another incentive which could make saving for your retirement more appealing. Read our guide: Should I get a Pension? for more help deciding your best options.

Equally, if you are paying a considerable amount in childcare costs, purchasing childcare vouchers would again see you face a smaller additional Income Tax charge as well as benefitting from the other tax perks available with childcare vouchers.

Read our guide How to Get Help with Childcare Costs for more information.

Could registering as a company help me keep child benefit?

Depending on your circumstances, terms of employment and the additional Income Tax charge you face, registering as a private limited company could help you avoid the upcoming child benefit changes.

This essentially involves creating a private limited company to cover your work, paying yourself a minimum wage salary and declaring the rest of the money you earn each year as a dividend.

However, while this appears to be an ingenious way to avoid paying higher rates of tax it is only really a viable option for the self employed, freelancers or consultants not directly employed by a single company.

If you are a full time employee of a single company with a fixed annual salary this just isn’t an option, and is in fact illegal.

Even if you do fit into the right employment category, registering as a private limited company and altering your personal tax liabilities so drastically is not an easy option and should only be done with the aid of a qualified accountant.

Do you have a question?

ask your question here

Responses

HMRC website guidance on adjusted net income indicates that dividends are counted towards income for the purpose of the child benefit tax charge.

by Obson, 30 Oct 2012

Hi I've been trying to find out more info on this and am awaiting response from my accountant. I've been a limited company for 7 years now and have wondered how the salary/dividend payments affect child benefit. We've just had our first child and are not sure what to do?

by niaz, 11 Nov 2012

Obson is correct, dividends from investments would count towards your annual income.

Niaz, I think you're best waiting to hear back from your accountant, HMRC have informed me that child benefit payments will be based on your annual taxable income, so it would depend whether salary/dividend payments could be deducted from this figure.

by Martin from money.co.uk, 28 Nov 2012

Still waiting to talk to accountant this week but am assuming that the total income will count as my turnover. So if I have eg a monthly invoice totalling £5k inclusive of payment and expenses, over the year that's £60k and means no benefit! That's what I'm expecting!

by niaz, 16 Jan 2013

Limited company profits should not make an impact on your child benefits as far as i am aware. It is purely based on what you as an individual receive such as salary/dividends. If it was sole trader/partnership it would be on your profit before tax.

by Chaps, 3 Apr 2013

Does untaxed income count eg ISA interest

by davidh35, 17 Nov 2012

Hi David, it's you taxable income that counts, so untaxed income from ISA interest wouldn't be included.

by Martin from money.co.uk, 28 Nov 2012

what about overtime and bonus ??//

by gordon40, 25 Nov 2012

Hi Gordon, the assessment will be made on your total annual taxable income, so this would include your overtime and any bonus payments.

by Martin from money.co.uk, 28 Nov 2012

When you say total taxable income, is that the total gross income from P60?

by cocoy1, 10 Dec 2012

and why can both parents earn £49.999 and not be affected...this is a sore hit to most families that dont have spare cash and rely on every pound that comes into the household!!!

by gordon40, 25 Nov 2012

exactly ... Its a sad thing for one parent who stays back to take care of family and the other one strives for higher salary to make up the deficit !

by sbp, 6 Dec 2012

Hi Both, I expect that you two are not the only people who feel this way about the new system, perhaps you'd like to kick start a debate on the topic and see what other money.co.uk members think of the changes or perhaps discuss how they could be made fairer?

http://discuss.money.co.uk/start-a-discussion.htm

by Martin from money.co.uk, 10 Dec 2012

I think that people wether in a couple or single parent that earns over 50,000 should have benfits cut as surely in this day and age u can survive on 50,000 and if you can not then may be the lifestyle you lead should be cut back on. There are so many families out there that are working but that can only pay their bills and that dont have any thing left over to do any thing on weekends so why should people that earn alot of money have more money from the goverment!

by aaron2, 28 Nov 2012

That is exactly the point I would make, aaron, thank you.

by save24, 5 Dec 2012

I think most people are complaining about the unfairness of the rule as its based on individual income rather than combined.... And also the fact that if you are separated and not taking the responsibility will ensure your income is not taxed where are if you are in a committed relationship , you get penalized ?

by sbp, 6 Dec 2012

It would seem so, sbp!

by save24, 6 Dec 2012

Those earning 50k plus as a couple though have paid more tax than others, and cb is the only benefit they get back. Also no help towards housing, bills etc means they can sometimes be worse off than those earning much less.

by dawn23e, 5 Jan 2013

I totally agree, my husband earns just over the £60K, but commutes to London from Kent at a taxable cost of £4500 PA, this is the only benefit we have ever claimed as a family and it is unfair that we lose this benefit yet couples who earn jointly so much more and have more spendable cash keep the benefit. It is a totally unfair cut, they want to promote family life yet they are ruining it. People think those that live in the south east are so well off and rich but we are not, house prices are higher, along with most other things here including transport etc. to earn £60k in the south east is not a lot to sustain a family, mortgage, bills etc. it sucks

by alison83, 6 Jan 2013

I agree , we have never claimed a bean from the government only this. My husband works from 3 in the morning until 8 at night, he pays 40 % tax on his wages and this goes to all the people out there who just want to sit on there back sides and take of the government. It completely makes a mockery of all the hard working people out there. This government is a joke. If you never worked and rely on handouts from the start you will be ok....

by markdav17, 7 Jan 2013

I agree Alison my husband earns over 60,000 we now have no family allowance now which I used to buy all kids school uniforms and clothes. I have now had to get a full time job which I couldn't do before as it was too difficult to arrange childcare. Now both are in full time school I am working so I can buy my kids clothes but most my wages are paying for childcare I work in a school but have to pay 7.50 a child each night for them to be in childcare for 10 mins as my job only runs over there finishing time by ten mins it sucks I m now wandering whether it's worth me working at all now.

by icante, 26 Feb 2013

I totally agree. My husband earns just over the 60,000 and has to pay higher rate tax and the huge cost of commuting to London. I am angry that as a mother who gave up her career to bring up her children, I am being penalised for that decision! A year or so ago David Cameron was talking about supporting the housewife who stayed at home to provide a nurturing and stable home environment for her children. It seems to make sense for my husband to change his demanding job to a more local lower paid job and for me to do the same, that way we could still earn the same income jointly and keep our child benefit! But what benefit would it be for my children being packed off to child minders and after school clubs!! This individual income decision is ridiculous!!

by Gasbag, 22 Mar 2013

I dont agree with the whole system people sat on their backsides getting benefits then get free childcare to go and spend their benefits. It does make my laugh though hearing so many of you complaining though about your other half earning £60k+ and getting nothing and its a struggle. Me and my missus earn less combined i work full time and she works 3 days a week. We pay for childcare and still do ok so i think we all just need to get on with it.

by Chaps, 3 Apr 2013

I earn 75K while my wife has given up work to care for our newborn. Obviously we get nothing from the government. My annoyance is that why should I have to pay around a third of my total wage each year to the government at the same time as supporting a wife and child with no help from the government when I give so much to them via al the various forms of tax, for instance I have just been stung with £7,800 stamp duty, just because I can afford a house over £250K. Fairness? what is fair in that the more you pay the less you get in return?

by danto56, 10 Jan 2014

The completely immoral thing is I know so called self employed including Accountancy Partners who actually earn hundreds of thousands per annum but because they can manipulate their income and pay the majority as a dividend they will not only keep the benefit, get higher tax relief on mortgages for their mansions and pay 10% tax on their income. How the hell is that fair against those on PAYE earning a fraction of what they earn. Wake up Government, civil servants and HRMC!

by CJ52, 2 Dec 2012

Softer or not, the changes still seem to be grossly unfair to the single earner of over £50,000 in a married partnership where the partner is "unemployed". If an employer could be persuaded to reduce the earner's salary beneath the threshold and pay the balance to the "unemployed" partner as a childcare or personal assistant allowance, would this be illegal? After all, it seems two partners each earning £49,000 are still exempt from reductions of allowance or increased taxation. This is unjust in anyone's language, surely. Dyknor

by Dyknor, 4 Dec 2012

it also does not take into account that a couple earning £25,000 each would still take home a bigger amount than a £50,000 single earner couple . so why not calculate on combined income ?

by sbp, 5 Dec 2012

That would make better sense of it.

by save24, 5 Dec 2012

Even though a person earns more,he is paying 40% of his income as TAX to the govt.and finally he is earning sumthing which is equal to a person earning a non taxable income.Did any one of you think about this?? so ideally the person paying more TAX should receive CHILD CARE BENEFIT as he is losing most of his earnings thro TAX unlike the others who enjoy these entitlements whithout paying TAX.Hope this would create a thought on everyone!

by nandy, 8 Jan 2013

And even more if its a single earning family who earns a non taxable income,he enjoys whatever he earns to the fullest without paying tax,as well as the child benefits without paying anythng to the GOVT..Then whats the purpose of paying TAX to the govt? its only from our contributions we are getting in the form of benefits..so ifs been scaled it should be for everyone. Hope I am clear

by nandy, 8 Jan 2013

I have two children, receive no maintenance from their father (self employed get out clause) my new husband earns 59K but has three children from previous marriage which he totally supports so 25% of his income goes to his first family plus spousal maintenance, his ex wife household income will bring in more than us if you count the maintenance/s she gets and she will continue to be eligible for family allowance, whereas I will not be eligible to get it for my children yet we will have a much lower income availability, it seems very unfair the way it has been worked out and that it hasnt been worked out on household income. Will they take into consideration maintenance income and deductions? I guess not, I do not see how this system is fair.

by kirstie16, 5 Dec 2012

i have just moved in with my partner who recieves child benefit for her daughter. I earn over 50k but am not the father of the child. Will i be taxed on my income for my new partners child benefit?

by h4rry1, 5 Jan 2013

Looks like it. I'm in the very same position.

by Max_J, 7 Jan 2013

its robbery. my girlfriend and her ex partner take full financial responsibility for their daughter and i get penalised for it.

by h4rry1, 7 Jan 2013

My salary is £50945. If I deduct my personal allowance of £8100 this brings me under the £50,000 threshold? Which figure is used?

by Lillylegs, 5 Jan 2013

My partner is pregnant with our first child. Is it possible to stop them paying us child benefit (I earn 51k, her 8k) when child arrives? Do we just not apply for it or is it paid automatically? We would rather just not receive it at all

by Skeebo, 6 Jan 2013

Hi Skeebo,

If you take a look at this short guide it will run through your options:

http://www.money.co.uk/article/1009524-child-benefit-cuts-your-options.htm

by Martin from money.co.uk, 7 Jan 2013

Skeebo, I would keep your 90% and let HMRC claim the 10% back through SA. You will only lose 10% since you are only £1k over he threshold.

by P45, 12 Jan 2013

It would be good if one of the political parties in opposition could gather the votes on the 1 million or so affected single earning families behind them.
This make wake a government up that talks about family life and stability and then seeks to destroy it at every turn!!

by Revilo, 7 Jan 2013

Can anybody tell me why the government are cutting child benefits for those families where ONE individual earns over 50k and for other families where both partners earn under 50k, ie 49k get to keep it? I would like to meet the mathematician who worked that one out! The best way to make a saving in 2013 is to get divorced. Again, how can decisions like this be justified? Firing from the hips comes to mind!

by Vorte, 9 Jan 2013

If your partner earns over £60k and you have elected to keep the child benefit will HMRC charge interest on the claw-back at self-assessment?

by SamCam, 10 Jan 2013

What is the impact of the fact that this charge is only applying from January 2013, ie with only about a quarter of the tax year left? Does it mean that for 2012/13, the adjusted net income is calculated in the usual way, giving rise to a percentage reduction, but that ONLY the child benefit payable from January 2013 to 5 April 2013 is subject to the charge?

by mikes74, 14 Jan 2013

Hi I wonder if anyone might know the answer to this query please? I have been separated from my ex-husband for the last 10 years. We have joint residency of our child. For the last 10 years ex-husband has been receiving the Child Benefit but it appears he has now opted out of receiving it because of the amount of money he earns. Is there any chance that as I have a very low income I might instead be able to receive the Child Benefit?

by Jo101, 16 Jan 2013

apparently only the main carer can claim, so if you have joint custody 50/50 then you should be able to claim.

by h4rry1, 28 Jan 2013

Why dont this goverment target people that get CB and there child is not even in this country>>>> I work, my wife looks after the kids we have just lost £1300 a year, I pay 40% tax so they think stopping CB is justified. This goverment have lost the plot completly.

by pissed, 30 Jan 2013

the two eldest sons of mine.

The eldest earns above the limit just & his wife, my d-in-law does a wonderful job bringing the children up. loses there famly allowance.
The younger son & his wife both earn near the limit & they keep the family allowance.
Now wheres the sense or fairness in this system ?.

by robotrobo, 2 Feb 2013

This year has been a good year for my earnings. £62000 probably by April. My job is coming to an end and i am being taken off shift work so my gross pay will reduce to about £40000 next year. I have 3 kids so not only am I losing my well paid job I am also going to lose £2500 in child benefit. Can I dispute my case with HMRC and perhaps claim some child benefit?

by skeba, 8 Feb 2013

I would keep claiming it and when it comes to the tax year they should take this into consideration

by berniee50, 19 Feb 2013

My argument is the people who are agreeing with the GOVT, and would bet my life savings that these are people who are both earning good salaries but are under the threshold of the tax exempt. I do not agree that one person on the household could earn £65000 a year and loose the child benefit, but a couple earning say £45000 each (£90000 total) gets to keep it. There would soon be an uproar if the government said it was a combined household of £60000+

by berniee50, 19 Feb 2013

the poor get poorer the rich get richer thats the tory way 2015 they will be out just evil rich boys !!!

by gregbu, 16 Jul 2013

So how does it work for the scenario where a wife and child live in UK and a husband/partner lives and works overseas and doesn't spend more than 45 days in the UK, If its based on taxable income I presume that income earned outside UK in this example (i.e. living in Qatar) does not count so if he earns 80K there it doesn't count! Seems unfair to me.

by exexpat, 14 Jan 2014
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